PARMA, ITALY — The European Food Safety Authority has updated its safety assessment on titanium dioxide, a food coloring, and no longer considers it safe as a food additive. The European Commission and countries in the European Union now will take the EFSA findings into account and decide whether to take regulatory actions.

“Taking into account all available scientific studies and data, the panel concluded that titanium dioxide can no longer be considered safe as a food additive,” said Maged Younes, chair of the EFSA’s panel on food additives and flavorings. “A critical element in reaching this conclusion is that

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The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has reclassified food coloring E171 (titanium dioxide) after an expert panel concluded it “can no longer be considered safe as a food additive.” The announcement comes after years of research suggesting the additive may be unsafe.

In 2016, the EFSA re-evaluated the safety of E171 and controversially concluded there was no clear evidence confirming the food additive was carcinogenic or genotoxic. At that point in time a small, but growing, body of research was beginning to indicate the possible health dangers of titanium dioxide may be amplified when it enters a human body in

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